The Bio-acoustic Sonar measures acoustic signals of plankton and zooplankton on coastal arrays. The sonar emits sound waves into the water column which bounce off organisms back towards the sensor in a phenomenon known as “backscatter.” The more organisms, the higher the backscatter. Some Bio-acoustic Sonars are situated in the coastal environment (ZPLSC), while others are at the open-ocean global arrays (ZPLSG). There are cabled instruments that stream data back to shore in near real-time, and others that are uncabled and send decimated data back via telemetry; the full dataset is downloaded and made available following recovery.
This instrument measures the following data products. Select a data product's name to learn more.
|Multi-Frequency Acoustic Backscatter||SONBSCA|
The algorithm code used to generate data products for this instrument is also available in the ion-functions GitHub repository.Algorithm Code
Instrument Models & Deployed Locations
The OOI includes the following instrument makes and models for this instrument type. Follow the links below to find out where in the OOI this instrument has been deployed. You'll also find quick links for each instrument to Data portal, where you can plot and access data.
|ZPLSCC||ASL Environmental Sciences||AZFP|
|ZPLSGA||ASL Environmental Sciences||AZFP|
Cabled sonar instruments (ZPLSC-B; Kongsberg Simrad EK60 Echo Sounder) sense active acoustic pressure waves at 38 kHz and 200 kHz on single channel transducers, and on a 120 kHz split beam transducer.
Uncabled Coastal sonar units (ZPLSC-C; ASL Acoustic Zooplankton Fish Profiler) operate on 4 channels at 38, 125, 200, and 455 kHZ.
Uncabled Global sonar units (ZPLSG-A; ASL Acoustic Zooplankton Fish Profiler) operate on 4 channels at 38, 70, 125, and 200 kHz.
Primary Science Discipline
ZPLS on the Data Portal